Water Stewardship

Water stewardship is the accountability of individual, family, community and organization for the management of the resources of water. Water stewardship progress can be achieved by joint actions from businesses, governments and communities (AWS, 2010). EWP (2013) recognized access to water supply and sanitation as a human right and claimed ‘water democracy’ through the application of the principles of transparency, integrity, solidarity and equity. Stakeholders must be aware of their water rights and responsibilities toward water resources for a better water stewardship.

WWF (n.d.) formulated water stewardship strategy steps in the increasing order of watershed sustainability as water awareness, knowledge of impact, internal action, stakeholder engagement and influence governance.  Active involvement of the stakeholders in the decision making process assists water governance. Pinero (2012) suggested the use of water foot printing methodology to enhance knowledge about human-water interaction. Businesses are being committed to improve water efficiency, recycle water and minimize water impact and develop good practice in the supply chain (Coca Cola Enterprises 2013; Reed Elsevier, 2013).

According to Water Stewardship Australia (2012), biodiversity and ecological processes can be improved from the sustainable use of water, benefiting the society. Issues such as energy, conflict management, education, environment and food must be addressed for a water stewardship to be triumphant (World Savvy, 2009).

A study conducted by Derman and Manzungu (2012) emphasized the significance of environmental governance to solve water crisis and the establishment of Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA) to manage Zimbabwe water. Free-market system of water trading has been introduced in Australia in 2004 to ensure sustainable use of water however water trading has been criticized for advancing social and economic volatility (Strang, 2012).

References

Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS) (2010) Why Water Stewardship. [Online] Available at http://www.allianceforwaterstewardship.org/about-aws.html#why-water-stewardship. [Accessed on 24 January 2013].

Coca Cola Enterprises (2013) Water Stewardship. [Online] Available at http://www.cokecce.com/corporate-responsibility-sustainability/water-stewardship [Accessed on 25 January 2013].

Derman, B. and Manzungu, E. (2012) Privatization and Collective Stewardship of Water Resources: Case Studies. In: Johnston, B.R., Hiwasaki, L., Klaver, I.J., Castillo, A.R. and Strang, V. (eds.) Water, Cultural Diversity, and Global Environmental Change: Emerging Trends, Sustainable Futures? First Edition. France. UNESCO and Springer.  pp 253-260.

European Water Partnership (EWP) (2013) Vision for 2030. [Online] Available at http://www.ewp.eu/aquawareness/vision-for-2030/ [Accessed on 24 January 2013).

Pinero, E. (2012) What is Good Water Stewardship? [Online] Available at http://www.centerforabetterlife.com/eng/magazine/article_detail.lasso?id=348 [Accessed on 25 February 2013].

Reed Elsevier (2013) Our Water Stewardship. [Online] Available at http://www.reedelsevier.com/corporateresponsibility/environmental-challenge/Pages/our-water-stewardship.aspx [Accessed on 25 January 2013].

Strang, V. (2012) Privatization and Collective Stewardship of Water Resources: Case Studies. In: Johnston, B.R., Hiwasaki, L., Klaver, I.J., Castillo, A.R. and Strang, V. (eds.) Water, Cultural DIversity, and Global Environmental Change: Emerging Trends, Sustainable Futures? First Edition. France. UNESCO and Springer.  pp 253-260.

Water Stewardship Australia (2012) Water Stewardship Australia. [Online] Available at http://waterstewardship.org.au/ [Accessed on 25 January 2013].

World Savvy (2009) Going Forward: Water Stewardship Overview. [Online] Available at http://worldsavvy.org/monitor/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=725&Itemid=1214 [Accessed on 25 February 2013].

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (n.d.) Developing a Water Stewardship Strategy. [Online] Available at http://wwf.prognoz.com/KnowledgeBase.aspx?id=3 [Accessed on 24 January 2013].

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