Health sector has been highly affected by information technology for continuous improvement of quality of healthcare. Provision of high quality and efficient health care services and easy access to health information can be ensured by the application of appropriate information technology in health sector (WHO, 2013; Zhang and Kamal, 2013). Health information technology includes administrative and financial technologies such as patient registration, electronic materials management, clinical technologies such as electronic health records, electronic monitoring of patients and electronic prescribing and infrastructure such as computers, wireless and handheld technology (Accenture.com, 2013; Medpac.gov, 2004).
Medical devices or technology has a vital role in the assessment and diagnosis of health problems. According to WHO (2013), there are more than 1.5 million medical devices worldwide with more than 10000 types of generic device groups and ranges from thermometer, first aid box to complicated technology. Common information technologies used in healthcare as electronic health record (EHR), computerized provider order entry (CPOE), clinical decision support system (CDSS), Picture archiving and communication systems (PACS), bar coding, radio frequency identification (RFID), automated dispensing machines (ADMs), Electronic material management (EMM), and interoperability (Medpac, 2004).
According to Medpac (2004), improvement of quality and efficiency of healthcare can be achieved by enhancing the competence of physicians, nurses, clinical technician and facilitating the patient’s access to clinical information. Implementation of new technology has cost implications and technological intervention may cause negative health outcomes. Medpac (2004) and Morrissey (2004 cited in Medpac, 2004) emphasized the consideration of cost effectiveness and return of the investment to formulate plan and policies and implement IT in the clinical settings.
Accenture (2013) Top Three Healthcare Technology Trends: Big, Personal, Social. [Online] Available at http://www.accenture.com/ [Accessed on 17 August 2013].
Deloitte (2013) Physician Adoption of Health Information Technology: Implication for Medical Practice Leaders and Business Partners. [Online] Available at http://www.deloitte.com/ [Accessed on 16 August 2013].
Medpac (2004) Information Technology in Health Care. [Online] Available at http://www.medpac.gov/ [Accessed on 16 August 2013].
World Health Organizations (WHO) (2013) Technology, Health [Online] Available at http://www.who.int/topics/ [Accessed on 16 August 2013].
World Health Organization (WHO) (2013) Medical Devices. [Online] Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre [Accessed on 15 July 2013].
Zhang, C. and Kamal, M. (2013) A Lens into Investigating Patient Engagement Using Health Information Technology. [Online] Available at http://sais.aisnet.org/ [Accessed on 17 August 2013].